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tourism

Write an essay in which you first explain why the phenomenon of ‘overtourism’ (also referred to as ‘anti-tourism’) has emerged to become a significant issue for certain tourism destinations pre-COVID19, and, second, suggest ways by which relevant tourism stakeholder organisations (at global, national and local levels), could help to prevent this issue from re-occurring post-COVID19. Overtourism or anti-tourism refers to an organised ‘social protest movement’ that emerges due to increasingly hostile reactions by local citizens towards tourists and tourism development and activity (see https://theconversation.com/overtourism-a-growing-global-problem-100029). It has been particularly obvious over the past few years in popular destinations such as Barcelona, Venice, Amsterdam, Berlin and other significant tourist destinations. There are also indications that at many other destinations such as Bali and Byron Bay, local residents are becoming less tolerant of tourists and the impacts that they bring. The extreme downturn in tourism during COVID19 has highlighted the importantance of tourism to destinations worldwide and its important and positive contributions to global and local economies and communities. COVID19 has brought about an opportunity for tourism practitioners to learn and reflect on how restarted tourism economies should be changed and managed effectively and fairly to avoid a return to overtourism/anti-tourism by addressing its root causes. Your essay will need to define what overtourism is; provide examples of where it was occurring and what its effects were; discuss the effects of COVID19 on tourism and tourism destinations and identify ways by which relevant stakeholders within the whole tourism system could maximise the benefits of tourism in a post-COVID19 world to avoid a return to overtourism.  You will need to use the relevant literature to develop your ideas and arguments. Again, the text book is expected to be frequently referenced as there are numerous theories and concepts that can be discussed in relation to overtourism, just like in Assessment 2. These may include the sustainability concept and its indicators, mass tourism, including sociocultural and environmental management approaches, tourist attraction theory and economic benefits and costs, tourist typology and tourism marketing approaches, for example. Other important resources will be the WTO site and other tourism and destination management organisations, as well as credible discussion sites such as the Conversation.