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Read & Annotate

INTRODUCTION NOTE ON READING: It’s always good to read with a purpose.  Your purpose for reading the Safina chapters is to collect information for further research and to continue building expertise in the field of animal studies.  Keep your eyes open for the same things we looked for in the TIME articles. Try not to get bogged down, and try not to do it all in one sitting. Annotate with the same focus as when we annotated the TIME articles: to become more skilled at making notes as you research to build expertise in the field of animal studies to identify the “rock stars” of scientific research in animal studies (specifically ones that work on cognition, emotions, behavior, social groups, and communication) and to also identify articles and books they have written about their research to identify excerpts that might be something you want to quote in a future essay where you are summarizing some of the most important research in the field you’ve chosen to continue practicing the skill of effectively summarizing the most important ideas or evidence in a text. Although Safina is a scientist, this book is not a scientific research study. Instead, it’s more like the TIME and NatGeo articles–it’s for a general audience, teaching about what’s going on in the animal science world. I think you’ll find his writing very pleasing to read–he has a real talent for writing about scientific theories and research in a way that is engaging and interesting for non-scientists. CHOOSE YOUR CHAPTER FROM SAFINA There are four chapters in Safina’s book, each one is self-contained (it doesn’t matter what order you read them); choose ONE chapter to read and annotate for this assignment. Here are links to all four chapters, and a separate link for the notes attached to that chapter: 1. Trumpets of Elephants  Trumpets of Elephants Notes 2.  Howls of Wolves Howls of Wolves Notes 3: Whines and Pet Peeves Note: The species he writes most about in this chapter is dogs, but he also discusses “theory of mind” at length–this is a good chapter to choose if you want to focus your research on animal intelligence and cognition in any species. Whines and Pet Peeves Notes 4: Killer Wails Note: This chapter is mostly about cetaceans. A good chapter to read if you’re interested in researching ocean life. Killer Wails Notes Have a look at the notes associated with the chapter you pick– you will find good info in them, like names of scientists, names of their research studies, names of journals in the field, etc. Each chapter is broken into several sections (you must read all the sections, the full chapter). As you read, annotate–you can download the PDF and highlight or make comments, or you can take notes in a separate file. ASSIGNMENT: WHAT TO TURN IN Create these headers to organize the annotations you’ll turn in for this assignment: 5 Researchers 5 Keywords 3 Quotables + Summaries 3 Section Summaries 1. Create a list of NAMES of (at least 5) scientists and researchers  and their discipline (the type of study they do, the department they’re in, like biologist, sociologist, anthropologist, etc). Write a sentence about each name–again, this is practice for how to introduce the sources that you’ll be writing about in the essay, so write your sentences with that in mind. If you’d like to go above and beyond: Dive deeper on a few names to learn more about the scientists and their work– look at Safina’s Notes to see if he provides any info, and find more by Googling the scientist’s name. Sometimes they will have their own webpages–if so, add the URLs to your EasyBib account so you can find them again later if needed. Go to Twitter and search for these names there–do they have accounts, or do their organizations have accounts? Follow them. If you do the deeper dive, add an additional sentence after each name to summarize what you found after your sentence about that person. 2. IDENTIFY KEYWORDS (minimum of 5)  Make a list of FIVE keywords. A keyword is a word that you can put into a search engine in order to find out more information. If you can’t put your keyword into Google and get a list of sources that have something to do specifically with animal science, then your keywords are not good. For example, if you searched with the keyword “relationships” you’d get a lot that has nothing to do with animal science. So, make sure the keywords you’re choosing are good ones. Test out your keywords by putting them in the Google searchbox to see what comes up. 3. IDENTIFY QUOTABLES (minimum of 3) and summarize each one Identify THREE excerpts that you think would be effective quotations to include in an essay about this topic in animal science. After you type out the quotation, include a citation of the page number where it came from (page numbers are included on the PDF). After the quotation and citation, write a 1-sentence summary of the quotation in your own words. Summary is a researcher’s best friend–it’s a must-have skill. We’re practicing it a lot in this assignment so you will become more skilled at it. Try to find good quotes for different topics within animal research that we’ve been studying: cognition (or intelligence), behavior, social groups, emotions, or communication. 4. SUMMARIZE THREE SECTIONS Choose 3 sections from this chapter and for each of those 3 sections, write a short 1-2 sentence summary of the main idea(s) in that section. Write out the title of the section and then your summary. Being able to suss out the main idea in a text is a very important skill to have as a researcher–you cannot develop this skill without a lot of practice. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS List of five scientists/researchers and 1 sentence introduction of each one. List of five research keywords Three quotations and 1 sentence to summarize each one 1-2 sentence summaries of three sections in the chapter