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This section should read like an individual essay; it is not a list or a summary.  ·       Choose at least 10 academic sources ·       Organize the literature review like a short essay – by ideas, themes, or approaches – which discusses the scholarly literature on your subject in a lively and interesting way. A literature review should not be a series of summaries of scholarly books and articles. ·       Literature review should highlight trends in the literature relating to your research topic, including research areas, methodology, theoretical approaches and findings. ·       Use topic sentences, paragraphs, introductory and concluding sentences. ·       Paraphrase the key ideas from the sources. Cite the source. ·       For special ideas use quotations from the sources.  Cite the source. ·       The sources do not need to be based on Dubai but they must relate directly to your topic and/or research questions. ·       Compare and contrast the findings or arguments made in the sources. ·       Explain the findings or arguments that relate directly to your research. ·       What has been done in this field already, what others say about the topic, where what is missing and where your work fits with it all Key phrases Who and what? This paper focuses on x in x. The author has examined x through x research methods. The main conclusions are that …   Research by x and y indicates/ suggests that…. Both x and y found that ….  X and Y both agree that… X and Y differ in that x states… and y states that …. Although there is research evidence from x, there is limited evidence of this in y  Whilst there is research based on x, there is limited research based on y     In text citations   When you refer to what an author has said you must cite the author and the year. You can do this in different ways:   1.     Summarizing an idea or argument: a.     ……………. (Jones, 1998) OR b.     According to Jones (1998) ……………. 2.     Quoting an author/s add the page number a.     “…………” (Jones, 1998, p. 100) OR b.     Jones (1998) states that, “…………….” (p. 100). OR c.     Research indicates that, “ …………………” (Jones, 1998, p. 100) 3.     Long Quotation Jones’s (1998) study found the following:  Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199) This indicates that …………. You do not need quotation marks for a long quotation.