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Applying Gender Across Cultures

Overview: In a 3-4 page double-spaced essay, apply an analysis using women’s studies concepts of the comparative gender systems found in Western, pre-colonial African and Indigenous/ Native American societies.  Discuss the nature of the differences and similarities between the society’s gender systems.    The essay should incorporate key ideas and concepts from class texts/resources, films, lectures and discussions.  Be sure to define any concepts that you utilize in your analysis and explain their connection to specific gendered realities in each culture.  Provide examples for the points that you make.     Questions to Consider: Consider the following questions in constructing an effective gendered analysis: How do the societies differ with respect to gender identities, expressions, and sexualities.  What do they illustrate about the social construction of gender, sexuality and identities, in general?  Which women’s studies and/or gendered concepts and theories presented in the class readings or discussions are most useful in understanding/analyzing these societies?  How can gender be used as an analytical category to better understand societal relationships and structures?    Format: The brief essay should include clear and complete explanations of the concepts that are used and their connection to the issue/topic.  Be sure to define the central concepts that you choose to apply, even if you think their meaning should be obvious.  Also, cite the sources of any information and/or ideas that are incorporated in your analysis, especially for direct quotes that are used.  Provide clear examples of the points that are made and support your assertions with evidence from class material.    Retain a copy of your paper for your own records as a backup in case of loss or misplacement.   Be sure to proofread the essay for logical, grammatical, and spelling errors prior to submission.  Sources:  Fausto-Sterling, “The Five Sexes, Revisited,” INTRO textbook, 32-37. ●      Allan Johnson, “Patriarchy, The System…,´ INTRO textbook, 23-31. ●      Marilyn Frye, “Oppression,” INTRO textbook, 67-72. ●      Emily Martin, “The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles,” INTRO Textbook, 462-469.                   ●      Connell, “Hegemonic Masculinity and Emphasized Femininity” (Moodle) ●      C.J. Pascoe “Making Masculinity: Adolescence, Identity, and High School,” INTRO textbook, 43-51. ○      Pharr, “Homophobia and Sexism,” (Moodle) Two Spirits fil The Status of Women in Indigenous African Societies vy Niara SudarkasaFile